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Old Courthouse

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Courthouse with the Gateway Arch in background
Courthouse magnificent domed ceiling Dred and Harriet Scott statues in front of the Old Court House

The Old Courthouse in Downtown St. Louis, part of Gateway Arch National Park, was built between 1839 and 1862. Some of the most pivotal court cases in American history were heard inside its courtrooms. It is where Dred and Harriet Scott sued for freedom, Virginia Minor fought for her right as a woman to vote, and more than 300 enslaved African Americans filed suit for their freedom.


Announcement and Groundbreaking of Historic Renovation

On Feb. 3, 2021, the National Park Service and Gateway Arch Park Foundation announced that the Old Courthouse at Gateway Arch National Park will undergo renovations beginning in early 2023. The renovations are part of the final component of the $380-million CityArchRiver project, which has resulted in the revitalization of the Gateway Arch park grounds, Arch Visitor Center, Museum at the Gateway Arch, St. Louis Riverfront, Luther Ely Smith Square, and Kiener Plaza. The CityArchRiver project is the largest public-private partnership in the history of the National Park Service. Read more about the historic renovations to the Old Courthouse [STLTODAY]. 

On Jan. 31, 2023, more than 100 civic leaders and community members joined the Foundation and NPS for a groundbreaking ceremony to commence the renovation. The ceremony included Lynne Jackson, president & founder of the Dred Scott Heritage Foundation and great, great granddaughter of Harriet and Dred Scott, as well as City of St. Louis Mayor Tishaura Jones among the speakers.


About the Renovation

This will be only the second significant renovation to the Old Courthouse since it was built.

The renovations include the installation of an elevator for greater accessibility inside the building, in conjunction with new accessible ramps that were previously installed at both entrances to the outside of the building during phase one of the CityArchRiver renovations. Structural updates, which will help revitalize and maintain the building’s integrity, include a new heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system; renovated ceilings and flooring; a new fire suppression system; and general restoration and improvements.

The renovations include a complete reimagining of the exhibits inside the building. New and updated exhibit galleries are designed by Haley Sharpe Design in conjunction with Gateway Arch National Park staff.

New exhibits will include:

Northeast Gallery: Dred and Harriet Scott

Focuses on the Scott family’s fight for freedom, which began in the Old Courthouse, and how the legal and political environment at the time culminated in the infamous U.S. Supreme Court Decision which ultimately led to the Civil War The exhibit gallery also reflects on the legacy and relevancy of their case today.

Rendering of Dred and Harriet Scott exhibit Rendering of Dred and Harriet Scott exhibit

Northwest Gallery: Pathways to Freedom

Explores African American life in St. Louis: slavery, the tortured legacy of enslaved individuals seeking freedom, post-Civil War civil rights, and more.

Rendering of Pathways to Freedom exhibit Rendering of Pathways to Freedom exhibit

Southeast Gallery: Designed for Justice

Highlights the architectural features of the Old Courthouse and the spirit of innovation of architects, designers, builders, and craftsmen.

Rendering of the Designed for Justice exhibition

Southwest Gallery: See You in Court

Focuses on the importance of courts in our society, our legal structure, and the daily activities in the courthouse from 1839 to 1930. Visitors will be able to experience an 1850s courtroom and re-enact mock trials that will further their understanding of how our court system allows us to settle disputes peacefully and provide a framework for how our society functions.

Rendering of the See You In Court exhibition

Private funding for the project is provided through Gateway Arch Park Foundation by generous donors to the CityArchRiver capital campaign that concluded in 2015.

Although the Old Courthouse is currently closed due to the global pandemic, construction will begin in late 2021 and last approximately two years. National Park Service programming traditionally held in the Old Courthouse, including mock trials and naturalization ceremonies, will temporarily move to the Gateway Arch when possible.